By: Zeeshan Rustam
The Sino-Indian border dispute is ongoing from the past eight decades. The disputed area between China and India is Aksai Chin (Either located in Ladakh or Xinjiang) and south of the McMahon Line formally known as North-East Frontier Agency and now called Arunachal Pradesh. Recently, a fierce confrontation between Indian and Chinese troops took place at LAC (Line of Actual Control) on June 15.
The term LAC was first used by Zhou Enlai in 1959. During the 1962 war, Nehru refused to recognize the line of control: “There is no sense or meaning in the Chinese offer to withdraw twenty kilometers from what they call ‘line of actual control’. What is this ‘line of control’? Is this the line they have created by aggression since the beginning of September? Advancing forty or sixty kilometers by blatant military aggression and offering to withdraw twenty kilometers provided both sides do this is a deceptive device which can fool nobody.”
The Demarcation of LAC was legally accepted by India in 1993 in a bilateral agreement after the Sino-Indian war. Although no official boundary had been negotiated between China and India.
The Indian government always claims a demarcation of the western sector as Johnson Line of 1865. The Johnson Line commences from Indian occupied Lanak LA to the north and extends towards the center of Tibet (occupied by China) to the Haji Langer and then moves to the south and connects to the Karakorum Pass. On the contrary, the People’s Republic of China (PRC) asserts the Macartney Line (presented by British consul general George Macartney to Lord Elgin Governor-General of India). The Macartney Line is constituted of Lingzi Tang plains, which are south of the Laktsang range, in India and Aksai Chin proper, which is north of the Laktsang range, in China.
It is the brief story of Sino-Indian border skirmish.
Since June 15th, when twenty Indian soldiers have succumbed during an unarmed clash with Chinese troops. Indian Prime Minister retaliated by banning fifty-Nine Chinese apps in the name of security reasons. Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi paid a visit to the north of the Himalayan region and said the “age of expansionism is over.”
Delhi claims 38,000sq km (15,000sq miles) of territory currently under Chinese control while Chinese stakes claim to a 90,000sq km (34,700sq miles) area within Indian Territory.
There are two reasons for this standoff at Line of Actual Control; first, India is building infrastructures like broader roads, telephone lines, and airstrips near Leh, and second, the Indian unilateral move to repeal article 370 last year and annexed Jammu & Kashmir along with Ladakh. China and Pakistan is denounced this unilateral move.
The writer is student at the University of the Punjab.