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Economic Survey: Educational statics of Pakistan 2017-18

Technical & Vocational Institutes are projected to increase by 3.9 % i.e. from 344 thousand to 358 thousand during 2017-18 in Pakistan

LAHORE– The overall education condition is based on key performance indicators such as enrollment rates, number of institutes and teachers which have experienced minor improvement. The federal government has decided to enhance working relationship with the provinces by providing all possible support to ensure successful implementation of all Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) including those related to education, according to the economic survey of Pakistan 2017-18.

During 2017-2018, Progressive Student Labor Movement (PSLM) survey was not conducted due to Population And Housing Census 2017, therefore, the figures for the year 2015-16 may be considered for current year, Pakistan overall literacy rate remains static at 58% with 70% male literacy and 48% female literacy rates as compare to 58% with 70% male and 74% female literacy rate in 2013-14.

Punjab literacy rate is 62% with 72% male and 54% female during 2015-16 as compared to 61% all over Punjab with 71% male and 52% female literacy rate in 2013-14.

Overall literacy rate in Sindh is 55% with 44% female and 67% male as compared to 56% with 67% male and 43% female literacy rate in 2013-14.

Khaibar Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) literacy rate is 53% with 72% male and 36% female during 2015-16 and it the same percentage for 2013-14.

Total literacy rate of Balochistan is 41% with 56% male and 24% female during 2015-16 as compared to 43% with 59% male and 25% female in 2013-14.

Economic survey 2017-2018 declared, an increase of 16.8% is observed in pre-primary enrollment which went up to 11,437 thousand in 2016-17 compared to 9,792 thousand in 2015-16, at the national level. Enrollment is estimated to increase further by 7.8% i.e. from 11,437 thousand to 12,328 thousand in 2017-18.

Total 169.6 thousands primary schools (Classes I-V) were functional in 2016-17. An increase of 0.6% in primary enrollment was witnessed which increased to 21,686 thousand in 2016-17 against 21,551 thousand in 2015-16.

Likewise, the gross enrollment rate allover Pakistan is 87% and again Punjab is at the top of the list with 93% in which 99% male and 88% female, Khyber Pakhtoonkhwa is at 88% with 98% male and 76% female enrollment, Sind 78% with 85% male and 69% female and Baluchistan is 60% with 75% male and 42% female enrollment.

During academic year 2016-17, a total of 49.1 thousand middle schools (Classes VI-VIII) were functional in the whole country. At national level, an increase of 1.1 % in middle enrollment has been observed as it went up to 6,996 thousand in 2016-17 against 6,922 thousand in 2015.16. Middle enrollment is estimated to have increased by 2.8 % i.e. from 6,996 thousand to 7,189 thousand in 2017-18.

A total of 5.1 thousand higher secondary schools/colleges were functional in 2016-17. A decrease of 6.1 % in higher secondary (Classes XI-XII) enrollment has been observed as it dropped to 1,594.9 thousand in 2016-17 against 1,698.0 thousand in 2015-16. It is estimated to increase by 9.8 % i.e. from 1,594.9 thousand to 1750.6 thousand in 2017-18.

A total of 3.8 thousand technical & vocational institutes with were functional in 2016-17. A rise of 9.4 % in enrollment was witnessed as it increased to 344.8 thousand in 2016-17 against 315.2 thousand in 2015-16. It is projected to increase by 3.9 % i.e. from 344.8 thousand to 358.3 thousand during 2017-18. A total of 1.4 thousand degree colleges (Classes XIII-XIV) were functional in 2016-17. An increase of 2.1 % in enrollment was observed as it hiked to 956.4 thousand in 2016-17 against 937.1 thousand in 2015-16. It is to increase further by 13.9 % i.e. from 4 thousand to 1,089.7 thousand in 2017-18.

A total of 1.4 thousand degree colleges with 37.9 thousand teachers were functional in 2016-17, an increase of 2.1 percent in enrollment was observed as it hiked to 956.4 thousand in 2016-17 against 937.1 thousand in 2015-16. It is further to increase by 13.9 percent i.e. from 956.4 thousand to 1,089.7 thousand in 2017-18.

Sum of 185 universities with 58.7 thousand teachers were functional in higher education in 2016-17. An increase of 7.9 percent in enrollment was observed as it surged to 1,463.3 thousand in 2016-17 against 1,355.6 thousand in 2015-16. It is likely to decrease by 2.7 percent i.e. from 1,463.3 thousand in 2016-17 to 1,423.1 thousand in 2017-18.

Public Expenditure on education as a % of Gross domestic products (GDP) is estimated to be 2.2 % in Fiscal Year (FY) 2017 as compared to 2.3 % of GDP in FY 2016. The education related expenditure increased by 5.4 % to Rs 699.2 billion in FY 2017 from Rs 663.4 billion in FY 2016. The provincial governments are also spending sizable amount of their Annual Development Plans (ADPs) on education.

Overall Assessment which has experienced minor improvement, sum of 185 universities (Classes XV onward) were functional in higher education in 2016-17. An increase of 7.9 % in enrollment was observed as it surged to 1,463.3 thousand in 2016-17 against 1,355.6 thousand in 2015-16. It is likely to decrease by 2.7 % i.e. from 1,463.3 thousand in 2016-17 to 1,423.1 thousand in 2017-18.

The total number of enrollments at national level during 2016-17 stood at 48.062 million as compared to 46.223 million during 2015-16. This shows a growth of 3.97 % and it is estimated to rise further to 50.426 million during 2017-18. The total number of institutes stood at 260.8 thousands during 2016-17 as compared to 252.8 thousands during last year and the number of institutes are estimated to increase to 267.7 thousands during 2017-18.

The total numbers of teachers during 2016-17 were 1.726 million as compared to 1.630 million during last year showing an increase of 5.9 %. This number of teachers is estimated to rise further to 1.808 million during the year 2017-18.

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