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Green sea turtles

Iqra Shaheen

Green turtle are found mainly in tropical and sub-tropical water. Green sea turtles are 5th of the 7th species found around the Atlantic shores of Europe and NorthAmerica. Eastern pacific green turtles are found in coastal western. In Pakistan along the coastal of Karachi,some specific beaches such as Hawke Bay,sand spite, Hawkes bay.

It is named not for the color of its shell, which is normally brown or olive depending on its habitat but for the greenish color of its skin.Green turtle is a large weightly sea turtle with a wide, smooth shall up to 700 pounds green turtle. Diet of adult green turtle are herbivorous and juvenile green sea turtle are omnivores. They eat plants and animal. They have small head and heart shaped that measure to 5feet.

Mating occurs every two to four years and normally takes place in shallow waters. They dig a pit in sand with their flippers fill it with clutch of 100 to 200 eggs and cover the pit and return the sea. Sandy beaches along Sindh and Balochistan are nesting sites

Most dangerous time of green turtle life is when it make the journey from nest to sea. Multiple predators including crabs, flocks, birds use as food . Hunting and egg collection for consumption cause decline. Green turtle are listed endangered species. Despite this, they are still killed for their meat and eggs, also reduce the boat propeller accident, fishnet caused drowning and destruction of their nesting ground by encroachment.

WWF Pakistan sponsor a project jiwani through which more than 1000 nest protected and about 25000 hatching were released in sea.WWF global marine turtleprogramme to reduce the loss degradation of critical marine turtle habitat. Establishing and strengthen protected areas around nesting beaches raising awareness promoting ecotourism at marine turtle green turtle are the beauty of our sea if they disappear there will be an un imaginable growth of algae which destroy the marine life.

WWF works around the world to establish marine protected areas (MPA) to ensure sea turtles have a safe place to nest, feed and migrate freely. We encourage governments to strengthen legislation and provide funding for sea turtle protection. WWF also supports the monitoring and patrolling of turtle nests in many parts of the world to equip local turtle conservationists. This often leads to ecotourism opportunities and offers alternative livelihoods.

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