“Scientific research today is marked by a growing differentiation and specialization in the disciplines. a discipline is characterized by the questions it wants to answer, and the methods it employs to look for such answers. increased specialization means an inevitable narrowing of focus, which is indeed its main goal.
But a narrower focus may also lead to narrow-mindedness. For sciences, this may have catastrophic effects. in the best case, a slow-down in the advancement of the frontiers of knowledge. in the worst case, a permanent blockage of cures for many social problems the research intends or is supposed to solve.
When different disciplines look at similar questions, it is often advantageous to learn from answers found in other disciplines by considering their methods and by looking through their spectacles. With many spectacles or perspectives probing into the same problem, a more complete picture is obtained. But collaboration takes time and energy.
Why would anyone want to complicate things when we already have perfectly-formed departments, each optimized to answer a certain set of questions? in spite of the seemingly well-organized chapters of textbooks, reality is complex and intricate and not arranged cleanly along the lines of already established disciplines, most of which have emerged by historical coincidence. even more importantly, many research problems simply cannot be solved from a single disciplinary perspective, demanding a collaboration between the disciplines.
We, at university of okara, are working to promote the interdisciplinary, multidisciplinary and transdisciplinary approaches in research with various disciplines combined to study a phenomenon and finding out viable, feasible and practical solutions for the social, economic, environmental and health problems faced by the society.”