Home / Blog / Smog a serious threat to Lahore

Smog a serious threat to Lahore

Hamad Abbas

Lahore, the capital of Punjab and the second largest city of Pakistan, has been engulfed by a thick layer of Smog. Declared as the most polluted city of Pakistan, Lahore is currently facing serious health issues as the air quality is much worse than the normal living standards. Last week, on 6th November, 2019, a thick layer of toxic black smog covered the entire city, forcing many citizens to gasp for breath or suffer different kinds of infections, specially related to throat and eyes. The condition was so worse that government had to immediately suspend schools the next day. The situation was so threatening that it was claimed as hazardous for humans to breath. In fact, an estimated 60,000 Pakistanis died in 2015 due to smog, as per World Health Organization.

According to The Pakistan Environmental Protection Agency (Pak-EPA) and the provincial EPAs in charge of monitoring air pollution in Pakistan, a 5-yearlong study was conducted in Lahore, aiming to compare the level of fine particles with the WHO standards. The study concluded an average of 136.5 ± 34.1 μg/m3 ambient particulate matter, which was approximately 14 times higher than the WHO standards. The results were comparable to the world’s most polluted city, Delhi, which stands at 143.0 ± 17.8 μg/m3. According to AQI, the last level of hazardous is between 250 and 300. At such levels, people with heart and lung disease, old and the young, and everyone else must keep minimum outdoor activity and must remain indoors. The average levels of smog crossed 600 in Gulberg and 640 in Zaman park whereas the overall level of smog was accounted at 550. With such levels, it is considered as hazardous for humans to breath and wearing a regular medical mask wouldn’t simply help. It is recommended to use N99 air masks when moving outdoors as it can filter up to 99% of the particulate matter 2.5 from the air.

The major reason for such levels of smog include car fumes, industrial emissions, dust from building sites, smoke from brick kilns and burning of rubbish and crop residue in nearby fields. Vehicles with minimum or no environment friendly devices, such as catalytic converters are being used and that too, with poor quality fuel. Brick kilns again use dirty fuel such as rubber tires which emit extremely dangerous fumes against which no action has been taken. All these factors have jointly contributed to such levels of smog while the government kept on ignoring the increasingly alarming situation in the city.

The atmospheric pollutants or gases that form smog are released in the air when fuels are burnt. When sunlight and its heat react with these gases and fine particles in the atmosphere, smog is formed. It is purely caused by air pollution. Ground level ozone and fine particles are released in the air due to complex photochemical reactions between volatile organic compounds (VOC), Sulphur Dioxide (SO2) and Nitrogen Oxides (NOx). During the winter months when the wind speeds are low, it helps the smoke and fog to become stagnate at a place forming smog and increasing pollution levels near the ground closer to where people are respiring. It hampers visibility and disturbs the environment. The time that smog takes to form depends directly on the temperature. Temperature inversions are situations when warm air does not rise instead stays near the ground. During situations of temperature inversions, if the wind is calm, smog may get trapped and remain over a place for days.

Comment Using Facebook

Check Also

Rouge London Committed for Society’s Wellbeing and SDG’s

People are at the foundation of every business and we are concerned about the society …

841 comments

  1. WONDERFUL Post.thanks for share..more wait .. …

  2. My wife and i got really happy Albert could round up his research out of the precious recommendations he was given from your very own web page. It is now and again perplexing to just choose to be giving away information which often other people might have been trying to sell. And we all already know we have got the blog owner to give thanks to for that. Those explanations you made, the simple web site menu, the relationships you give support to create – it’s everything wonderful, and it’s facilitating our son in addition to the family know that the topic is cool, which is very mandatory. Thank you for all!

  3. I definitely wanted to write down a simple comment so as to express gratitude to you for the precious hints you are placing here. My time-consuming internet look up has now been compensated with extremely good content to exchange with my family members. I ‘d state that that many of us visitors actually are very much endowed to dwell in a superb network with very many awesome individuals with useful ideas. I feel pretty privileged to have encountered your site and look forward to so many more fun moments reading here. Thanks again for all the details.

  4. I have to show some thanks to the writer for rescuing me from such a crisis. After surfing around throughout the internet and obtaining basics that were not pleasant, I figured my entire life was over. Living minus the strategies to the problems you have fixed through the report is a serious case, and the ones that would have adversely damaged my entire career if I had not noticed your blog post. Your own personal natural talent and kindness in playing with every part was valuable. I don’t know what I would’ve done if I hadn’t discovered such a thing like this. I am able to now look forward to my future. Thanks so much for the professional and effective help. I will not hesitate to refer your web blog to any individual who should have direction about this problem.

  5. What i don’t understood is actually how you’re now not really much more neatly-liked than you might be now. You’re very intelligent. You realize therefore considerably on the subject of this matter, produced me individually believe it from a lot of varied angles. Its like men and women are not fascinated unless it is one thing to accomplish with Girl gaga! Your individual stuffs great. Always handle it up!

  6. Wow that was odd. I just wrote an really long comment but after I clicked submit my comment didn’t appear. Grrrr… well I’m not writing all that over again. Anyways, just wanted to say superb blog!

  7. Spot on with this write-up, I actually suppose this web site wants rather more consideration. I’ll in all probability be once more to read way more, thanks for that info.

  8. I like the valuable info you provide to your articles. I’ll bookmark your blog and test once more right here frequently. I’m rather sure I’ll be informed lots of new stuff right right here! Best of luck for the next!

  9. you are really a good webmaster. The website loading speed is amazing. It seems that you are doing any unique trick. In addition, The contents are masterwork. you have done a excellent job on this topic!

  10. I and my buddies happened to be viewing the great guides located on the website while the sudden I got a horrible suspicion I had not expressed respect to the web blog owner for those strategies. The young men became totally thrilled to see all of them and now have truly been taking pleasure in those things. I appreciate you for simply being very accommodating and for opting for such really good topics millions of individuals are really desirous to understand about. My personal honest regret for not saying thanks to earlier.

  11. I simply had to say thanks again. I’m not certain the things that I would’ve created without the actual smart ideas shared by you about this field. This was a real traumatic concern in my view, nevertheless viewing your specialised strategy you resolved it forced me to jump over delight. I will be thankful for this service and hope that you know what an amazing job you are accomplishing training people by way of a blog. Most likely you haven’t come across all of us.

  12. I enjoy you because of all your work on this blog. My aunt takes pleasure in participating in investigation and it’s really obvious why. All of us hear all relating to the dynamic medium you create sensible strategies on the website and in addition improve participation from visitors on this matter plus my child is certainly being taught a lot. Enjoy the rest of the new year. You’re performing a very good job.

  13. I simply wanted to jot down a simple note to be able to say thanks to you for all of the awesome tactics you are writing here. My time intensive internet look up has at the end of the day been recognized with good quality points to talk about with my colleagues. I would express that many of us readers actually are really endowed to live in a very good community with so many wonderful people with very beneficial solutions. I feel very lucky to have seen the webpage and look forward to plenty of more entertaining times reading here. Thanks a lot once more for all the details.

  14. I would like to show thanks to this writer for rescuing me from such a issue. Just after researching throughout the search engines and finding tips which are not helpful, I believed my life was done. Being alive devoid of the solutions to the issues you have solved by way of your good site is a serious case, as well as the kind which may have in a negative way affected my entire career if I had not noticed your blog post. Your good understanding and kindness in controlling the whole lot was helpful. I’m not sure what I would have done if I hadn’t come across such a point like this. I can now relish my future. Thanks so much for your professional and effective guide. I won’t think twice to propose your web blog to anybody who needs recommendations on this area.

  15. My brother recommended I might like this web site. He was totally right. This post actually made my day. You cann’t imagine just how much time I had spent for this info! Thanks!

  16. I like the valuable information you provide in your articles. I’ll bookmark your blog and check again here regularly. I’m quite certain I’ll learn plenty of new stuff right here! Good luck for the next!

  17. I was just searching for this info for some time. After six hours of continuous Googleing, at last I got it in your website. I wonder what’s the lack of Google strategy that do not rank this type of informative sites in top of the list. Usually the top web sites are full of garbage.

  18. Hi just wanted to give you a quick heads up and let you know a few of the pictures aren’t loading correctly. I’m not sure why but I think its a linking issue. I’ve tried it in two different internet browsers and both show the same results.

  19. Thank you for all your valuable effort on this website. My mother enjoys going through investigations and it is simple to grasp why. A number of us learn all relating to the lively tactic you create worthwhile items by means of the web blog and even cause response from other individuals on that content while our favorite princess is always becoming educated so much. Enjoy the remaining portion of the new year. You are performing a dazzling job.

  20. I am commenting to make you be aware of of the excellent discovery my cousin’s princess enjoyed reading through your webblog. She realized some issues, including how it is like to possess a very effective teaching mood to get the others just fully understand a number of complex matters. You really surpassed her expectations. I appreciate you for displaying those productive, trustworthy, explanatory and as well as fun tips about that topic to Gloria.

  21. I as well as my friends have been reviewing the good advice on your site while then I got an awful feeling I had not expressed respect to the site owner for those strategies. My women had been consequently joyful to see all of them and now have clearly been having fun with those things. Appreciation for genuinely really considerate and also for selecting this kind of incredibly good issues most people are really needing to be aware of. My sincere regret for not expressing appreciation to earlier.

  22. My husband and i got now fortunate when Ervin could finish off his research with the precious recommendations he had from your site. It’s not at all simplistic to just always be giving away guidance other folks may have been trying to sell. And we all fully grasp we now have the website owner to appreciate for that. The specific illustrations you made, the straightforward blog menu, the friendships you will give support to instill – it is many unbelievable, and it is aiding our son in addition to our family consider that that topic is interesting, and that is highly important. Thanks for the whole lot!

  23. Hello my friend! I want to say that this post is awesome, nice written and include approximately all significant infos. I’d like to see more posts like this.

  24. I really liked your blog article.Much thanks again. Will read on…

  25. I savour, result in I found exactly what I was taking a look for. You’ve ended my four day long hunt! God Bless you man. Have a nice day. Bye

  26. Greetings! Quick question that’s totally off topic. Do you know how to make your site mobile friendly? My web site looks weird when browsing from my apple iphone. I’m trying to find a template or plugin that might be able to resolve this issue. If you have any suggestions, please share. Thanks!

  27. Have you ever thought about including a little bit more than just your articles? I mean, what you say is valuable and all. Nevertheless think about if you added some great graphics or videos to give your posts more, “pop”! Your content is excellent but with images and videos, this website could undeniably be one of the greatest in its field. Very good blog!

  28. A big thank you for your blog post.Really thank you! Cool.

  29. I’m not sure where you’re getting your information, but great topic. I needs to spend some time learning more or understanding more. Thanks for great info I was looking for this info for my mission.

  30. Have you ever thought about including a little bit more than just your articles? I mean, what you say is important and everything. But think of if you added some great images or video clips to give your posts more, “pop”! Your content is excellent but with images and video clips, this blog could definitely be one of the very best in its field. Great blog!

  31. My spouse and i felt very cheerful Raymond managed to round up his web research with the ideas he received when using the web pages. It is now and again perplexing just to happen to be making a gift of solutions that many many others have been trying to sell. And we also do know we’ve got the writer to appreciate for that. Those illustrations you made, the easy website navigation, the friendships you make it easier to instill – it’s got all extraordinary, and it is facilitating our son and our family imagine that that concept is exciting, and that’s especially mandatory. Thank you for the whole thing!

  32. My spouse and i ended up being quite joyful when Edward managed to deal with his preliminary research by way of the precious recommendations he discovered from your very own web page. It’s not at all simplistic just to happen to be making a gift of guides people may have been selling. And we discover we now have the blog owner to give thanks to because of that. The explanations you have made, the simple web site navigation, the friendships you can aid to instill – it’s got mostly wonderful, and it’s really letting our son in addition to the family consider that the topic is amusing, which is certainly tremendously pressing. Thank you for the whole thing!

  33. Thanks for the auspicious writeup. It in fact was once a entertainment account it. Look complicated to more delivered agreeable from you! However, how can we keep up a correspondence?

  34. An attention-grabbing dialogue is worth comment. I believe that it’s best to write more on this matter, it won’t be a taboo subject however typically people are not sufficient to talk on such topics. To the next. Cheers

  35. Thanks for ones marvelous posting! I actually enjoyed reading it, you can be a great author.I will remember to bookmark your blog and may come back down the road. I want to encourage you to ultimately continue your great work, have a nice day!

  36. Do you mind if I quote a couple of your articles as long as I provide credit and sources back to your blog? My website is in the exact same area of interest as yours and my visitors would definitely benefit from a lot of the information you provide here. Please let me know if this okay with you. Many thanks!

  37. certainly like your website but you need to check the spelling on several of your posts. Many of them are rife with spelling problems and I find it very bothersome to tell the truth nevertheless I’ll surely come back again.

  38. I’m still learning from you, as I’m trying to achieve my goals. I certainly enjoy reading all that is posted on your site.Keep the information coming. I enjoyed it!

  39. I not to mention my pals ended up reading the best ideas located on your web site and quickly I got a terrible suspicion I never thanked the blog owner for those tips. My ladies happened to be for that reason joyful to see all of them and have in effect in actuality been using these things. Thanks for truly being quite accommodating and then for deciding upon this kind of terrific topics most people are really desperate to know about. My sincere apologies for not expressing appreciation to you earlier.

  40. I would like to thnkx for the efforts you have put in writing this blog. I am hoping the same high-grade blog post from you in the upcoming as well. In fact your creative writing abilities has inspired me to get my own blog now. Really the blogging is spreading its wings quickly. Your write up is a good example of it.

Leave a Reply to https://www.antat-sport.ru/cat8.html Cancel reply

Your email address will not be published.