Report by AR Sajid
Faisalabad: The University of Agriculture Faisalabad has developed 101 innovations that would revolutionize the economy and make the agriculture sector sustainable, profitable and help open new new business avenues for rural development and prosperity.
The catalogue is developed by Office of Research, Innovation, and Commercialization on the directions of UAF Vice Chancellor Prof Dr Iqrar Ahmad Khan. This catalogue summarizes a 101 entries (technologies) which have an enormous commercialization value. There are new varieties of cotton and mustard with competitive advantage of determinate growth and potential for mechanical harvesting. Three new hybrids of maize with high pro-vitamin A contents are ready for release in the public domain. Transgenic sugarcane is in the testing process. Ten new mango selections are being promoted. Two new breeds of backyard poultry have been developed. A large number of mechanical and agricultural engineering innovations have been made available for industrial manufacturing. There are several soil amendments and databases created to improve soils and enhance fertilizer use. The plant and animal pests and diseases are being addressed through environmentally safe interventions. Water and energy solutions have been developed for easy adoptions with a focus on renewable options.
A special emphasis has been placed on reducing post-harvest losses and value addition to capture markets within- and outside Pakistan. New flour blending and fortification technologies are made available to address the malnutrition in children and women. The value addition also includes value chain interventions and development of novel products like vaccines, textile stripping technologies, guar gum control of aflatoxins and silymarin extraction from a weed.
Innovative applications of ICT have been explored and offered for up-scaling by the government and industry. As per details, the technologies developed by Institute of Horticulture Sciences include new premium quality mango genotypes for extended harvest season; controlled atmosphere technology for storage of fresh fruits & vegetables; mango sea freight technology; changing cultivars in existing citrus orchards through top working; modified sun-drying techniques for dates; strawberry packaging in plastic punnets: an economical and effective; Technology to improve food safety and profitability; sanitized citrus nursery; sanitized guava nursery production technology; commercialization of button mushroom; commercialization of new cut flowers for Pakistani markets; and rosa centifolia (UAF) – a high value flower crop.
The technologies of Institute of Soil and Environmental Sciences include Rhizogold: A multi-strain bio-fertilizer for production of legumes; Rhizogold Plus: a multi-strain bio-fertilizer for production of cereals from salt affected soils; D Rhizogold : A multi-strain bio-fertilizer to mitigate drought stress in cereals; formulation of bio-herbicide for weeds control in wheat; Desiccator technology for crops stubble management; bio-stimulant based liquid fertilizer for high fertilizer use efficiency and crop yields; calcium carbide based technology for early and high quality vegetable production; multi-micro nutrient foliar feeding technology for high quality crop production; formulation of acidfied organic product for enhancing phosphorus use efficiency in maize; Rice Biofert a microbial metabolites-based bio fertilizer for sustainable rice production; integrated farming for crops, fish and livestock by recycling brackish water from fish ponds; fertilizer prediction models; and technology at the door step of farmers through sms service.
Department Of Agronomy technologies includes Moringa: a multipurpose plant; quinoa – a super food and cash crop; direct seeded rice technology; seed enhancement technology and dry chain technology. The technologies developed by Department Of Plant Breeding And Genetics include PB-896, A high yielding cotton; Brassica Oilseed; introduction of pro-vitamin A bio-fortified maize hybrids in Pakistan; high yielding sorghum for Kharif fodder; and multipurpose grain sorghum. The technologies by Centre Of Agricultural Biochemistry And Biotechnology (Cabb) include herbicide tolerant transgenic sugarcane; and red rot resistant transgenic sugarcane.
Department of Entomology had developed Biopesticides from DNA Based Identified Nucleo Polyhedro; Viruses (NPVs) for the management of insect pest of major crops; Identification of potential biological control agents and their implementation; strategy for the management of insect pest of Major crops; Entomopathogenic fungi and diatomaceous earths for the control of Tribolium, castaneum (Herbst.) (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) on stored wheat; Mass Rearing Technique of a Larval Parasitoid; Bracon hebetor and its Integration with Insecticides for the Management of Lepidopterous Insects; and Microbial and non-conventional management practices for tomato fruitworm Helicoverpa armigera Hübner (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in Punjab.
The Department of Plant Pathology technologies included management of Root Knot Nematodes on Vegetables through Pasteuria Root Powder; and Improved Gladiolus Corm and Flower Production Technology.
Department Of Forestry And Range Management technologies include description of Funnel Type Slippery Trap (FTS Trap): An Innovative Technique for the non-chemical control of mango mealy bug; the light equipped power insect killer: an innovative mechanical insect pest control machine; and description of panel trap: an effective device for the control of wild boar and porcupine.
Institute of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development technologies include creating knowledge-based society through agricultural technology transfer via FM radio; Cyber Extension Zarai Baithak and Community Mobilization through Outreach.
Faculty of Agricultural Engineering and Technology’s technologies include energy efficient solar milk chiller; Solar Distillation System; Floating Drum Biogas Plants for Rural Energy; CFC Biomass Gasifier; Solar Continuous Roaster; glass glazed solar tunnel dryer; solar assisted bakery; photovoltaic workbench for real-time systems evaluation; Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS) For Precision Agriculture; developing and testing pressurized water scrubbing system to purify biogas; solar desalination of water using evaporation condensation and heat recovery; aquifer storage and recovery technology for recharging groundwater; rain water harvesting for groundwater recharge; perforated pipe irrigation system; zone disk tiller drill system; improved boom sprayer for crops; boom sprayer test bench; beater wheat thresher; self propelled multicrop reaper; mini self-propelled rotary tiller; small scale walk-behind type sugarcane cutter; updraft gasifier; and Development of Sisal Decorticator.
Faculty Of Animal Husbandry technologies include UniGold-a new egg laying backyard poultry breed; artificial insemination technology for sheep and goats; documenting indigenous genetic resources – the beetal goats; veal production from surplus calves of cows and buffaloes; use of additives for improving the quality of mott grass silage; use of citrus pulp in animal feed; and induced molting of poultry birds – an innovative technology for poultry Indus;
Faculty of Veterinary Science technologies include Adjuvanted combined hemorrhagic septicemia-mastitis vaccine; mastitis diagnostic kit and mastitis vaccine; camphorated oil- a lifesaving drug for animals; targeted selective treatment for control of drug resistant/susceptible; Haemonchus contortus; and Phytotherapy: An Easy and Economic way to Cure the Gastro-Intestinal Parasites in sheep.
Institute Of Microbiology technologies include development and standardization of swab test on animal food (staf) for the detection of antibiotics residues in meat, milk and eggs; technology for the Control of Mosquito larvae population in water; Biomoskill Plus and Development of Pro-lac for better growth and health in poultry.
Faculty Of Food, Nutrition and Home Sciences technologies includes utilization of rice industrial wastes for oil extraction and value added products; developing and exploring the role of edible coatings to improve the quality and shelf life of whole and minimally processed fruits; fortified wheat flour; value added bakery products; multigrain bread; development of flavored chapattis supplemented with barley; functional exploration of millet and sorghum; development and optimization of corn products; Development of Conditioned (Omega-3 rich) Meat through Modifications in Feed Ingredients; Optimization of processing conditions for manufacturing of mozzarella cheese from buffalo milk; Development of Protein and Micro nutrient Fortified Shelf-stable Sweet Nutribars for School Aged Children from puffed rice processed through super-critical fluid extrusion.
Faculty of Sciences technologies includes Guar Gum: a novel approach for detoxification of aflatoxicosis in Poultry; Development of Silymarin Extaction Technology from Milk Thistle; and biological stripping technology for recycling of faulty dyed and old waste cotton fabrics.