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Urbanization

Ayesha

Pakistan is an agricultural state but in real it has a little to offer to agriculture sector. Although agriculture accounts for half of the employed labor force of the country and is the largest source of foreign exchange earnings, it contributes only 24 percent to the national GDP, according to Pakistan bureau of statistics.

Peri-urban development is a complex phenomenon, which refers to varied forms of settlements on the fringes of cities. In it there is an examination of the emerging peri-urbanization in the Punjab (Pakistan) in the context of Lahore. We see that people flee from rural areas in desperation after their dreams and hope for a better future in surbubs fade. So, an enduring livelihood and better service delivery in the urban settlements is a major attraction.

In peri-urban Lahore, a notable decrease in farm related livelihoods was observed, which indicates a declining trend in the economic significance of agriculture. In many cases it was observed that the peri-urban transition did not tend to any livelihood improvement because people from rural background lack the capacity to synchronize their livelihood-related skills with the urban ones. Moreover, access to public service delivery depended upon their proximity to urban fringes. Households that live closer to urban centers, have a better access to public goods and services.

Lahore has a big area for agriculture on its boundary areas because those areas are not densely populated due to which there is a large area that is spare for agricultural production to increase the economy of the country. If we talk about the rapid urbanization that has caused a big problem between developed and underdeveloped areas on the fringes of cities specially Lahore is the major reason for not paying much attention to the agricultural sector of Lahore.

Boundaries of Lahore are vast and there is a large area that should be available for crops and fields but due to the rapid urbanization and peri-urbanization, these vast spaces have been booked by the societies and land lord parties. They have signed agreements to build skyscraper buildings and malls and public services centers that can be helpful for the people living nearby.

The areas that are left behind are available for growing crops and fields and there are a lot of wheat crops and sugarcane fields and rice crops. These crops are basically included in the basic necessities of life and they are important for their survival. Due to rapid urbanization the people that live nearby these areas are at liberty to access to the fields and crops. These fields are much helpful to the people that live near to these instead of the people that live in areas far from these fields.

Peri-urban areas are evolving spaces that assimilate characteristics of both urban and rural world and review the implications of these spaces for livelihoods and service delivery. As economic adversity among urban households increases and survival in the rural areas becomes more precarious. Peri-urban land in the rapidly growing cities will assume greater importance as the target settlement areas of the poor.

This article is written by Ayesha. She is the student of Institute of Communication Studies, PU, Lahore. She can be followed at (ayesha429292@gmail.com)

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