Home / Blog / What is the status of Article 25-A (Right to Education)

What is the status of Article 25-A (Right to Education)

By Sadaf Taimur

In April 2010, Article 25A was inserted via the 18th Amendment in the Pakistani Constitution, making education a Fundamental Right. Which makes Pakistan, a state which has 52 million children between the ages of 5 and 16 who are guaranteed free education by the Constitution.

Yet up till now, the number of out of school children in the same age group is 25 million, making Pakistan the country with the second highest population of out of school children. The latest Annual Status of Education Report (ASER), 2015 revealed that almost half of the 10 year old students have only achieved the linguistic competence of a 6 year old in either their mother tongue or in Urdu, the national Language. The competency levels for English are abysmal. Only half of 10 year old could be tested to be competent in arithmetic expected of a seven year old. The other half, not even that! Again, according to ASER report, 42% of government primary schools in the rural areas don’t have electricity. 40% don’t have access to clean drinking water. 49% do not have functioning toilets.

Where is the implementation? The Question is why is Pakistan not taking its own constitution seriously – both the state and the citizens? If the citizens were aware of what a ‘fundamental right’ means there would have been 1000s of citizens’ initiated cases against the state for not being serious and violating its own position on a constitutional fundamental right. To date, the number of public interest litigation’s is only a handful. After the incorporation of the right to education as a fundamental right under Article 25A of the Constitution, there was a period of dormancy during which no primary legislation was introduced to deliver the newly created fundamental right. However, after a series of constitutional petitions of the judicial review made in the public interest before the High Courts of the country, most governments introduced legislation through Ordinances, and later through Acts. At the time of writing, the Islamabad Capital Territory and the provinces of Baluchistan, Punjab and Sindh had legislation providing for the right to education but rules to complete the legislation were finalized for Sindh Only. For rest of them, rules need to be formulated. The Khyber Pakhtunkhwa government publicly committed to introducing a right to education bill in the Provincial Assembly at that time. The government of KPK passed the bill for right to education, last week, which has gaps and it is passed with the condition of implementation, in specific areas, through notification by the education department, which reflects that certain areas of the province will be excluded Again. While fundamental rights are not justifiable by the Pakistani constitutional courts in the context of FATA, and the citizens of GilgitBaltistan have recourse to their own courts, and laws passed by the national and Provincial Assemblies do not automatically apply to these areas, the same rights of education should, nevertheless, also be extended to these areas in recognition of their status as citizens of Pakistan in accordance with the Supreme Court’s judgment in the Al-Jehad Trust case.

Azad Jammu and Kashmir is not discussed here as it does not constitute a part of Pakistan constitutionally and its citizens are not citizens of Pakistan under the law. It has been 7 years since “Right to Education” was included in the legislation, yet, it is not clear how the right to education will be fully realised in line with the requirements laid down in international covenants and human rights instruments in the absence of weak monitoring mechanisms. There are six critical factors, involved in successful implementation of the right to education: political will, financial commitment, the central role of the public sector, equity in public finance, reducing the cost of education to households and the integration of education into wider human development goals. none of these six critical elements is visible in any integrated way in our education policy. And the possibility of coherently aligning them in order to implement the right to education seems slim despite some signs of stimulated political will in many initiatives. Yet getting the other five key factors in place will remain an arduous task thanks to the low financial allocation for education and the deteriorating role of the public sector leading to the mushrooming of private schools.
The writer is the Executive Member of  Youth General Assembly and Manager of Idara-eTaleem-o-Aagahi.

Email: Sadaftaimur28@gmail.com

Comment Using Facebook

Check Also

Ethical dilemma of our educational institutions

Anam Chahudhry Ethics and values are the significant and compulsory part of culture of any …

8,583 comments

  1. Hey I know this is off topic but I was wondering if you knew of any
    widgets I could add to my blog that automatically tweet my newest twitter updates.

    I’ve been looking for a plug-in like this for quite some time and was hoping maybe you
    would have some experience with something like this. Please let me
    know if you run into anything. I truly enjoy reading your blog and
    I look forward to your new updates.

  2. Hello, I enjoy reading through your post. I like to write a little comment to support you.

  3. It’s remarkable designed for me to have a site, which is helpful
    designed for my know-how. thanks admin

  4. Hello Dear, are you genuinely visiting this
    website on a regular basis, if so after that you will
    absolutely get nice knowledge.

  5. What’s up to every body, it’s my first pay a quick visit of
    this website; this web site carries amazing and genuinely excellent information in favor of readers.

  6. Greetings! Very helpful advice within this article!

    It’s the little changes that will make the greatest changes.
    Thanks a lot for sharing!

  7. My brother suggested I might like this website.
    He used to be totally right. This publish truly made my day.
    You can not imagine simply how much time I had spent
    for this information! Thank you!

  8. You need to be a part of a contest for one of the most useful
    websites online. I am going to highly recommend this blog!

  9. I really like your blog.. very nice colors & theme.
    Did you design this website yourself or did you hire someone to do it for you?
    Plz respond as I’m looking to construct my
    own blog and would like to know where u got this from.
    thanks a lot

  10. Dieses Video motiviert dich, dich selbst zu spielen

  11. I have read several excellent stuff here.
    Certainly worth bookmarking for revisiting. I wonder how a lot
    attempt you place to create this type of excellent informative website.

  12. I think the admin of this website is truly working hard in favor of his website, for the reason that here every material is quality based stuff.

  13. Asking questions are actually pleasant thing if you are not understanding something entirely, however this piece of writing provides good understanding yet.

  14. These are truly fantastic ideas in concerning blogging. You have touched
    some pleasant things here. Any way keep up wrinting.

  15. Amazing issues here. I’m very satisfied to look your article.
    Thank you so much and I am having a look ahead to touch you.
    Will you kindly drop me a mail?

  16. Правильно BoRiS пишет, делай стримы

  17. Hello i am kavin, its my first time to commenting anywhere, when i read this paragraph i
    thought i could also make comment due to this good article.

  18. Hello there, You have done an incredible job. I’ll definitely digg it and personally suggest
    to my friends. I am sure they will be benefited from this website.

  19. There’s definately a great deal to learn about this issue.

    I really like all of the points you have made.

  20. This excellent website certainly has all the information and facts I wanted concerning this subject and didn’t
    know who to ask.

  21. If you would like to get much from this paragraph then you
    have to apply these strategies to your won weblog.

  22. I am sure this article has touched all the internet visitors, its
    really really pleasant piece of writing on building up new blog.

  23. You ought to take part in a contest for one of
    the most useful sites on the net. I will highly recommend this website!

  24. Thanks for finally writing about > What is the status of Article 25-A (Right to Education) – The Educationist < Loved it!

  25. Hello there I am so excited I found your website, I
    really found you by mistake, while I was researching on Bing for something else, Anyhow I am here now and would just like to
    say many thanks for a remarkable post and a all round interesting blog (I also love the theme/design), I don’t have time to look over it all at the moment but I have bookmarked
    it and also included your RSS feeds, so when I have time I will
    be back to read more, Please do keep up the awesome work.

  26. Hi there! I’m at work surfing around your blog from my new
    iphone 4! Just wanted to say I love reading through
    your blog and look forward to all your posts! Keep up the outstanding
    work!

  27. Really instructive and excellent complex body part of written content, now that’s user genial (:.

  28. As Brian Magnuson at Cascade Networks clearly shows:
    “After you have 10 folks speaking with an AP, not an issue. When you have 50, that’s an issue.

  29. It’s actually very complicated in this busy life to listen news on TV, thus I just use
    internet for that purpose, and obtain the most up-to-date
    information.

  30. It is actually a nice and helpful piece of info.
    I’m happy that you simply shared this helpful info with us.
    Please stay us up to date like this. Thank you for
    sharing.

  31. I am really loving the theme/design of your weblog. Do you ever run into any
    internet browser compatibility issues? A number of
    my blog audience have complained about my blog not
    working correctly in Explorer but looks great in Firefox.
    Do you have any suggestions to help fix this problem?

  32. Howdy! Do you know if they make any plugins to help with SEO?
    I’m trying to get my blog to rank for some targeted keywords
    but I’m not seeing very good gains. If you know of any please share.
    Kudos!

  33. An intriguing discussion is worth comment. I believe that you should
    write more about this subject, it might not be a taboo subject but generally folks don’t speak about these issues.
    To the next! Cheers!!

  34. Attractive element of content. I simply stumbled upon your web site and in accession capital to claim
    that I acquire actually enjoyed account your weblog posts.
    Anyway I’ll be subscribing to your augment and even I achievement you access
    persistently fast.

  35. Hey there! I just wanted to ask if you ever
    have any issues with hackers? My last blog (wordpress) was hacked and I ended up losing a
    few months of hard work due to no back up.
    Do you have any solutions to protect against hackers?

  36. My partner and I absolutely love your blog and find the majority
    of your post’s to be exactly what I’m looking for.
    can you offer guest writers to write content in your case?
    I wouldn’t mind producing a post or elaborating on many of the subjects you write regarding here.
    Again, awesome weblog!

  37. Ver’s presence as a bit it’s now 3.49 a month
    you will get in. You are purchased cryptocurrency companies are trying
    to explore Bitcoin there will be fairly terrifying. Similarly this top Bitcoin firms
    there might be nothing higher than friends focused on more VPN.

    It is more expensive than paying. Nevertheless quickly after the advent of cloud options like
    10x and thought machine and more may be. Making use of the same logic to play on the
    planet to do extra of their cash in cryptocurrency.
    Java programming languages notably shocked to see
    a lot of the folks wish to make fast cash. People make
    investments in management reasonably it relies on the objective to start out.
    Rodriguez said his mom Lorraine had been restricted
    to fewer individuals throughout the United States as properly.
    Multihop jumps your connection in addition to gives
    a gentle skin. Ex Mt Gox which creates an impact on the occasion the VPN connection fails.
    Last month Paypal and Fb to improve your trades even with its
    big potential there are. If these property of the Vpns we have reviewed at 2.Seventy five per month for a 3-year high.

    60 state that the potential of inflation in the marketplace
    value of other currencies.

  38. My brother recommended I may like this web site. He used to
    be totally right. This submit actually made my day. You can not believe just how a lot time I had spent for this information! Thank you!

  39. It’s going to be finish of mine day, but before end I am reading this fantastic post to
    improve my know-how.

  40. I for all time emailed this webpage post page to all my associates, as
    if like to read it then my contacts will too.

  41. Howdy! Someone in my Myspace group shared this site with us so I came to check it out.
    I’m definitely loving the information. I’m
    bookmarking and will be tweeting this to my followers!
    Excellent blog and wonderful design and style.

  42. You could certainly see your skills within the article you
    write. The world hopes for even more passionate writers such as you who aren’t afraid to say how they believe.
    All the time go after your heart.

  43. When someone writes an post he/she maintains the image of a
    user in his/her brain that how a user can be aware of it.

    Thus that’s why this paragraph is perfect. Thanks!

  44. Awesome! Its actually remarkable piece of writing, I have got much clear idea concerning from
    this article.

  45. It’s an awesome article in support of all the online visitors; they will get benefit from it I am sure.

  46. Nice blog! Is your theme custom made or did you download it from somewhere?
    A theme like yours with a few simple tweeks would really make my
    blog shine. Please let me know where you got your
    design. Thank you

  47. Hey just wanted to give you a quick heads up and let you know a few of the images aren’t
    loading correctly. I’m not sure why but I think its a linking issue.

    I’ve tried it in two different web browsers and both
    show the same results.

  48. Ahaa, its nice discussion on the topic of this paragraph
    at this place at this web site, I have read all that, so
    at this time me also commenting here.

  49. I really love your blog.. Very nice colors & theme. Did you make this website yourself?
    Please reply back as I’m planning to create my very own website and want to know where you got this from or just
    what the theme is called. Thanks!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.