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Heart Attacks: A Major Health Concern in Pakistan

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By Malaika Naseer 

Heart attacks are a serious problem in Pakistan, and several factors contribute to their high numbers. One main reason is the prevalence of risk factors like high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and smoking. Many people in Pakistan have sedentary lifestyles and lack exercise, which can also lead to heart disease. High blood pressure affects around 25% of Pakistan’s population. The high intake of salt in the diet contributes to this, and sadly, not many people seek treatment for it, leading to complications like heart disease and stroke.

High cholesterol is another risk factor, and Pakistan’s average cholesterol levels are higher than in many other countries due to diets high in animal fats and oils. Lack of exercise worsens this problem. Smoking is a major risk factor, with around 20% of adults in Pakistan being smokers. This trend is concerning, especially among young people, as smoking damages blood vessels and increases heart disease risk.

Obesity and diabetes rates are rising in Pakistan, partly due to unhealthy diets high in sugar and processed foods. Stress also contributes to heart disease development. Many people in Pakistan face high levels of stress due to various factors, which can lead to increased blood pressure and heart rate.

To reduce heart attacks in Pakistan, a comprehensive approach is needed. Promoting healthy habits like regular exercise, a balanced diet, and avoiding smoking is essential. Increasing awareness about heart disease risks and seeking medical treatment for conditions like hypertension and high cholesterol is crucial. By addressing these factors, we can work towards a healthier and heart-conscious Pakistan.

This writer is a student of Department of journalism Punjab University Lahore. She can be contacted at [email protected]

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