A population of 200 million people living under the literacy rate of 53% which is the lowest in South Asia. It is still way behind the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) target of 88%.
There are around 25 million out-of-school children in Pakistan, the second highest figure in the world after Nigeria. The government must know that it is lacking in education budgeting and public financing, a healthy dialogue on such an important issue is extremely beneficial for education development. Some of the considerable issues in this context include derisory engagement of legislature in the budget-making process, insufficient allocations compared with the actual needs, corruption, huge administrative expenditure, lack of transparency.
The education system of Pakistan is based on unequal ranks. Medium of education is different in both, public and private sector. This creates a sort of disparity among people, dividing them into two segments.
Regional disparity is also a major cause. The schools in Baluchistan (the largest province of Pakistan by Area) are not that much tutored as that of Punjab (the largest province Of Pakistan by Population).
The third major cause of flawed education system in Pakistan is gender discrimination.
Poverty is pivotal another factor that restricts the parents to send their children to public or private schools. So, they prefer to send their children to Madrassas where education is totally free. The government has to make changes to financial infrastructure to improve the situation. Bank loans for education purposes should not be interest based as it discourages the people to acquire loans. Education loans are offered at low rates throughout the world and it facilitate people to acquire quality education.
In Human development Report Pakistan is placed at 136th position for having just 49.9% educated population. In addition to that, Pakistan is ranked at 113th out of 120 according to the latest research conducted by UNESCO. Some of the very basic flaws of the education system in Pakistan contribute to the economic, ethnic and socio-political crisis within the country. After the 18th amendment provincial autonomy empowered the administration to take progressive decisions constitutionally. International law has lots of legislation concerning education.
Article 25-A describe the responsibilities of state about the “Right to Education”. According to this every child from 5 years to 16 years must be in school on state expenditure. The article 28-29 of “Universal Declaration of Human Rights” and the article 13-14 of “International Covenant on Economic Social & Cultural Rights” coerce the government to implement the 4 A’s rule i.e (i) Affordability (ii) Accessibility (iii) Availability (iv) Adaptability.
If a country has a distraught academic infrastructure, the chances to survive in current competitive world are diminutive. The illiteracy rate in Pakistan is alarmingly high which calls for critical attention. The government needs to work towards elimination of flaws of education system in Pakistan. People are crowd and crowd becomes Nation and Nation only builds on Knowledge.
The writer is an educationist and social activist. He can be reached at: [email protected]