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Presidential versus Parliamentary democracy

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By Muhammad Fazil

Democracy is a better form of government as compared to all other tried and tested forms. The foremost common sorts of democracy includes presidential and parliamentary democracies which provide different frameworks of governing.

Both forms offer a majority rule structure where citizens have the proper right to elect their representatives, but the way in which the representative is elected and the nature of the relationship between the executive and the legislature is diverse.

In Presidential democracy, president serves as the head of state and head of government. The president choses his own cabinet and does not embrace the individuals from the legislative branch.

In Parliamentary democracy, prime minister is the head of government while state is chaired by the president who has nominal powers but the man of power in the parliamentary democracy is prime minister. The prime minister is from the legislative branch and is answerable before the house. Prime minister can be the chairperson of a political party or the leader of a coalition. For example India, Pakistan and United Kingdom have the parliamentary democracy form of government.

Presidential democracy has the dual form of government i.e, both the government and state are headed by the president while in parliamentary democracies government and state are headed by two different individuals.

President is elected for a settled residency and cannot be reprimanded by the legislative branch until and unless he/she is the casualty of sedition charges. But the Prime minister’s tenure is questionable as he can be de-officed by the parliament within the frame of vote of no confidence.

Electoral college is the source for electing the president whereas in parliamentary democracy, parliamentarians elect the leader of the house. In parliamentary democracy, ordinarily the powers of legislature and executive are blended whereas there’s no consolidation of the powers between legislature and executive in presidential democracy.

President can make official appointments but it is not so with the prime minister. One the most critical powers of the president is Veto. But the power can be superseded by a specific lion’s share of the legislature.

As i concluded that both frameworks have their own pros and cons. They are similarly productive but the smooth working depends upon the adequacy of the system. In case systems either presidential or parliamentary democracy is lacking at any point, the framework cannot work smoothly. System capability depends upon its viability upon imposing otherwise system can lead to failure.

The writer is a student of BS Journalism studies at Punjab University and can be reached at:[email protected]

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